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FAQs: Stem Cells

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Molecule: Stem Cells
Photographer: Landon Arnold | Source: Unsplash

What are Stem Cells?

Stem Cells are cells that have the potential to change into a very specific kind of cell. A stem cell, for example, might turn into blood, skin, bone or nerve impulse-transmitting cell. Stem cells, with their diverse potential, are highly adaptable, self dividing cells. Stem Cells have an essential role in the body’s growth and repair processes. Because stem cells are rich in potential, they are extremely helpful in the healing of patients who are suffering from and injury.

How are Stem Cells Used for Treatment?

There is research that shows stem cells show encouraging results in regenerative medicine. As these cells differentiate they have the ability to grow into muscle, cartilage, as well as other forms of tissue and to enhance the body’s natural ability to heal. This may provide positive outcomes for conditions such as arthritis, tendonitis, tendinopathies and many other painful issues.

neck and shoulder treatment at physical therapist
Photographer: Jesper Aggergaard | Source: Unsplash

Where do Stem Cells Come From?

Nesebcgtnak stem cells (MSC) can be collected from the patient’s adipose tissue (fat) in the abdomen or bone marrow (aspirated from the hip bone), but, efficacy is greatly dependent on the age of the patient. Stem cells are as old as you are and diminish as you age, losing both their abundance and their efficacy. As there are controversial and ethical issues surrounding the use of embryonic stem cells, science has now turned to stem cells obtained from birth tissue witch causes no harm to the mother or her newborn.

How Does Regenerative Medicine Work?

Cells are the building blocks of tissue, and tissues are the basic unit of function in the body. Generally, groups of cells make and secrete their own support structures, called the extracellular matrix. This matrix, or scaffold, does more than just support the cells it also acts as a relay station for various signaling molecules. Thus, cells receive messages from many sources that become available from the local environment. Each signal can start a chain of responses that determine what happens to the cell. Through medical technology we can now understand how individual cells respond to signals, interact with their environment and organize themselves into a healing process. Scaffolds are created utilizing various regenerative medicine therapies allowing for the tissue ‘self assemble’.

Person wearing a blue glove working with a pipette in a lab
Photographer: Trust “Tru” Katsande | Source: Unsplash

What Can Regenerative Medince Be Used For?

Regenerative medicine can be used for a multitude of conditions including, but not limited to pain management, sports injuries, spinal condition, podiatry, wound care, aesthetics, anti-aging, male enhancement, vaginal rejuvenation, hair restoration, the list goes on and on.

Is regenerative Medicine Safe?

Prior to a scheduled cesarean section, consenting mothers are screened and evaluated. Within thirty days of the scheduled delivery, the mother is serologically tested, per the standards of the FDA and the American Association of Tissue Banks, to rule out any transmissible diseases or other contraindications. Once serology reposts and donor char is reviewed by the Medical Director or designee, the fluid is aseptically processed in a controlled environment via a gentile filtration and centrifugation cycle to remove tissue debris. Magpix analysis is performed on the final product to analyze growth factors and cytokine content.

Observing samples under the microscope
Photographer: Trust “Tru” Katsande | Source: Unsplash

What Complications Can Arise From Using Regenerative Medicine?

Very, very few complications exist with regenerative medicine therapy. Products obtained from the amniotic fluid, placenta and umbilical cord are immunologically privileged, meaning they do not cause “graft vs. host reaction” (the body will not reject) and an adverse reaction is extremely rare.

What Conditions Can Be Treated With Regenerative Medicine?

Due to the nature of birth tissues, regenerative medicine can be used for pain management, wound healing, surgical procedures, sports injuries, facial rejuvenation, male enhancement, and erectile dysfunction, to name a few.

How Will I Know What Therapy Works Best For Me?

Based on your condition or injury your physician will customize a treatment plan for you and determine what therapy or a combination thereof will work best for you.

Two people at a meeting table looking at an ipad
Photographer: Amy Hirschi | Source: Unsplash

Will The Procedure Be Painful?

In most cases, the procedure involves a simple injection and takes very little time. Guided imagining may be used depending on the area of the body being treated.

What Is My Recovery Time?

Most patients experience little if any, recovery time from the procedures. Your physician will provide you with the aftercare instructions prior to your return home.

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